Tyndaris e Marinello
The first news on the sand strips of Marinello, dating back to 1808, are given in the Charter of the routes of Sicily.
The first cause that led to the formation of the lakeside area, is due around the '30s, at the time of the agrarian reform, as a result ecclesiastical axis of alienation, in which were performed agricultural transformations of the river basin Timeto, works of deforestation, that have produced an increase of solid material and sediments which, at the determined refraction from Cape Tindari and for deviations caused by an underwater fan, have formed the tongue of sand, which at different times has created the lagoon. The second cause is attributable to the construction of the motorway tunnels which excavation work have produced the storage of other debris, resulting in an increase of the strip of sand.
Now there are seven ponds with extreme biological characteristics, each of which lives and develops independently. The largest are the Marinello lake, isolated from the sea, home to lakes and marsh vegetation, the Mergolo, said the tuna fishery and Green, who took marine character. The waters of the interior lakes are sweet, salty, and the closest to the sea are more salty lagoons.
Phenomena such as tidal variations, the ocean currents, evaporation, the cover-up, the debris intake, the presence of waste, the plant ailantus and garipa, typical of the lagoon, causing a gradual reduction in the lakes area . In them there is an interesting wildlife, consisting of 57 plant species belonging to 29 botanical families and, in particular, by some endemic species quite rare brackish waters like the Red Knot Maggiore, the Xyrichthys novacula, the godwit Minor, the biting Rush, the Ampelodesmos Mauritanica and Albastrello from greenish legs. Recently it was found to be present Buenia affinis, fish of great scientific and local vongoletta importance, nearly extinct. The area is also an ideal resting place for migratory birds. The flora is present in different environments ranging from the typical vegetation of brackish water and the dunes on the characteristic of the Mediterranean - Arundinaria reed, heather, myrtle, euphorbia, prickly pears, capers.
Failing lagoons disappear existing biological communities in them. It is the stream Timeto what brings more debris and sediment to the lagoons and is the biological system contained in it that feeds the development of the fauna. Unfortunately ponds and stretches of sand are disappearing before their eyes is this is mainly due to the continuous sand withdrawal from Timeto stream to be allocated to building use, preventing normal passage to the sea of sand, which is instead turned into quarries for the buildings.
An ancient trail, built at the end of last year and recently restored, called Antigone century, runs along the lagoon to the north, crossing the channel Nero, named after an old fisherman of the place, coming to the Rock Female. From here you can get an external path to the walls of the ancient city of Tyndaris leading to the New Sanctuary and the nearby trail queue subside Volpe in the lagoon area of Marinello.
Altogether the Marinello lagoon covers a protected area of 401.25 hectares, of which 248.13 hectares of Zone A (Integral Reserve) and 153.12 hectares of Zone B (Pre-reserve).
In February, particularly in the early hours of the morning, in front of the sea waters to the lakes are fished baby girls sardines.
Recommendations for visitors to the reserve:
1. Respect nature and the delicate balance of the lagoon system;
2. Do not leave rubbish;
3. Do not light fires;
4. Visit the only area on foot or by bicycle;
5. Do not step on or damage vegetation;
6. Do not enter with motor boats less than 200 meters from the shore;
7. Do not collect shellfish in the lakes.